Focus on Citizens: Regional SNS and Machizukuri in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
“Urban × ICT 06” guest speaker, Mr. Zoo-Sun, Yoon introduced his research on the roles of regional SNS in recently developed apartment complexes, located outside of Seoul, South Korea and discussed the possibilities of Korean regional SNS as a participatory planning tool in high-rise high-density residential areas in comparison with that in other Asian societies.
Korea is recognized as one of the fastest growing countries in the world. However, highly compressed economic growth along with rapid urbanization since the 1960s led to severe housing shortage. In order to solve the housing problem, the Korean government had promoted a high-rise high-density apartment construction policy. As a result, while housing supply ratio increased from 71.2% in 1980 to 108.7% in 2007, short-term massive construction also caused undesirable sideeffects such as poor infrastructure, lack of participation and uniform landscape.
Meanwhile, since the late 1990s, participatory planning (Machizukuri) has become a new paradigm in Korea to overcome the limitations of modern urban planning. Nevertheless, as the ratio of apartments accounts for 60% of total residential housing, Machizukuri regarding apartments has seldom been conducted. In general, participation works best when the group is small and located in rural areas. However, conventional participatory planning methods in high-rise high-density urban areas revealed many limitations for its population density and mobility. Although face-to-face (FTF) communication is still important and can never be replaced, ‘regional SNS’ has recently emerged to supplement these limitations.
Upon giving the lecture, the speaker discussed the possibilities of Korean regional SNS as a participatory planning tool in high-rise high-density residential areas in comparison with that in other Asian societies. Discussion further extended into research concept and research methodology.
Discussion (including Q&A)
While organizing two English-oriented workshops, including this one, I also learned from many Japanese graduate students at Todai that they express feeling of rejection communicating in English. Accordingly, the participants in those workshops were largely consisted of foreign graduate students. Since after working as GCL RA to organize workshops, I have paid attention to posters, calling for participation for seminars, conferences and/or workshops on the campus. Interestingly, most of them are Japanese-oriented; however, in fact, the large numbers of foreign graduate students at Todai do not speak or understand academic level Japanese and the population of foreign graduate students is not small. GCL, as an incubator of future global leaders in Japan, it would be great that if the program could fill out such gap.
Urban × ICT 06「Focus on Citizens: Regional SNS and Machizukuri in Gyeonggi Province,South Korea」は都市工学専攻・都市デザイン研究室・博士課程の尹柱善氏を招聘し、ご本人の研究テーマであるソーシャルメディアを使った住民参加型まちづくりについて、韓国地方都市を事例に、都市工学の分野であるまちづくりとGCLのテーマであるソーシャルICTについて研究者の卵と学生が一緒に考える場として企画しました。
東京大学工学部14号館 222（DUE Lounge）
1 (B3), 1 (M1), 2 (D1) = 4 students in total. / All non-GCL students.